Updated July 2021. *Indicates student; **Indicates postdoctoral fellow 


*Fausto, B. A., Adorno Maldonado, P. F., Ross, L. A., Lavallière, m., & Edwards, J. D. (2021). A systematic review and meta-analysis of older driver interventions. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 149(1), DOI: 10.1016/j.aap.2020.105852

Overview: Skill-specific and combined intervention approaches show improvement in on-road driving         performance and at-fault crash reduction. 


Sprague, B. N., *Freed, S. A., Phillips, C. B., & Ross, L. A. (2020). A viewpoint on change point modeling for cognitive aging research: Moving from description to intervention and practice. Ageing Research Reviews, 58. doi:10.1016/j.arr.2019.101003.        

Overview: The authors propose the application of change point modeling for cognitive training studies.

Ross, L. A., *Sprague, B. N., **Phillips, C. B., O’Connor, M., & Dodson, J. (2018). The impact of three cognitive training interventions on older adults’ physical functioning across five years. Journal of Aging and Health, 30(3), 475-498.. DOI: 10.1177/0898264316682916. PMCID: PMC5453841

Overview: Older adults receiving speed of processing, memory, and reasoning training had significantly better physical functioning performance across five years.

Ross, L. A., Webb, C. E., *Whitaker, C., *Hicks, J. M., *Schmidt, E. L., *Samimy, S., Dennis, N. A., & Visscher, K. M. (2019). The effects of useful field of view training on brain activity and connectivity. Journals of Gerontology, Series B: Psychological Sciences, 74 (7), 1152-1162. doi: 10.1093/geronb/gby041. PMCID: PMC6941209

Overview: Ten hours of Useful Field of View training (UFOVt) was compared to ten hours of cognitively stimulating activities (CSA) and a no-contact control group. Resting-state functional connectivity between ROIs involved in executive function and visual attention was strengthened following UFOVt compared with CSA and no-contact controls.

Ross, L. A., *Freed, S. A., **Phillips, C. B., Edwards, & Ball, K. K. (2017). The impact of three cognitive training programs on driving cessation across ten years: A randomized controlled trial. The Gerontologist, 57(5), 838-846. DOI: 10.1093/geront/gnw143

Overview: Older adults at-risk for mobility declines were 49% less likely to cease driving after reasoning training and 55% less likely to quit driving subsequent to speed of processing training. Additional booster sessions for speed of processing training resulted in a 70% reduction of driving cessation. 

Ross, L. A., Edwards, J. D., O’Connor, M. L., Ball, K. K., Wadley, V. G., & Vance, D. E. (2016). The transfer of cognitive speed of processing training to older adults’ driving mobility across five years. Journals of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, 71(1), 87-97. DOI:10.1093/geronb/gbv022. PMCID:PMC4701127.

Overview: Older adults at-risk for mobility declines who receive booster speed-of-processing training sessions maintain driving frequency and exposure across five years.


*Layfield S., *Burge W., Mitchell W., Ross L.A., *Denning C., Amthor F., Visscher K. (2014). The effect of speed of processing training on microsaccade amplitude. PLOS ONE, 9(9), 1-6. DOI: 10.137/journal.pone.0107808.

Overview: Speed of Processing training does not appear to result in changes in microsaccade amplitude, suggesting that the mechanism underlying Speed of Processing training is unlikely to rely on microsaccades.


*Burge, W., Ross, L. A., Amthor, F. R., Mitchell, W. G., Zotov, A., & Visscher, K. M. (2013). Processing speed training increases the efficiency of attentional resource allocation in young adults. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 7(684), 1-7. DOI:10.3389/fnhum.2013.00684. PMCID:PMC3799007.

Overview: Pupil diameter is a measure of cognitive effort. Younger adults who received speed of processing training used fewer cognitive resources (effort) after training.


Ball, K., Ross, L. A., Roth, D., & Edwards, J. (2013). Speed of Processing Training in the ACTIVE Study: Who Benefits? The Journal of Aging and Health, 25(8), 65S-84S. DOI:10.1177/0898264312470167. PMCID:PMC3947605.

Overview: Older adults who received speed of processing training significally improved on targeted cognitive measures across five years.


Ross, L. A., *Schmidt, E., & Ball, K. K. (2013). Interventions to Maintain Mobility: What Works. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 61, 167-196. DOI:10.1016/j.aap.2012.09.027. PMCID: PMC3633644

Overview: This is a systematic review examining the impact of cognitive training, educational interventions, exercise interventions, and mixed interventions in maintaining mobility (broadly defined). 


Vance, D. E., *Fazeli, P. L., Ross, L. A., Wadley, V., & Ball, K. (2012). Speed of processing training with middle-aged and older adults with HIV: A pilot study. Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care, 23(6), 500-510. DOI:10.1016/j.jana.2012.01.005. PMCID: PMC3422374

Overview: Adults with HIV who received speed of processing training improved their cognitive (via UFOV) and timed instrumental activities of daily living.


Ball, K., Edwards, J. D., Ross, L. A., & McGwin, J., Jr. (2010). Cognitive training decreases risk of motor vehicle crash involvement among older drivers. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 58, 2107-2113. DOI:10.1111/j.1532-5415.2010.03138.x. PMCID: PMC3057872

Overview:  Speed of processing training and reasoning training reduced at-fault state-reported crashes by approximately 50% among older drivers.


Edwards, J. D., Meyers, C., Ross, L. A., Roenker, D. L., Cissell, G. M., McLaughlin, A. M., & Ball, K. K. (2009). The longitudinal impact of cognitive speed of processing training on driving mobility. The Gerontologist, 49(4), 485-495. DOI:10.1093/geront/gnp042. PMCID: PMC2709540

Overview: Older adults at-risk for mobility difficulties who completed speed of processing training had maintained driving mobility and less driving difficuly across three years.


Ball, K., Edwards, J. D., & Ross, L. A. (2007). The impact of speed of processing training on cognitive and everyday functions. Journals of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, 62B(Special Issue I), 19-31.

Overview: This article provides an overview of Speed of Processing training and investigates associated correlates of training effects. This training improved older adult's cognition (via UFOV) regardless of age and education.