Interventions

*Indicates student; **Indicates postdoctoral fellow 

 

Ross, L. A., *Sprague, B. N., **Phillips, C. B., O’Connor, M., & Dodson, J. (epub ahead of press). The impact of three cognitive training interventions on older adults’ physical functioning across five years. Journal of Aging and Health. doi: 10.1177/0898264316682916

Overview: Older adults receiving speed of processing, memory, and reasoning training had significantly better physical functioning performance across five years.

Ross, L. A., Webb, C. E., *Whitaker, C., *Hicks, J. M., *Schmidt, E. L., *Samimy, S., Dennis, N. A., & Visscher, K. M. (in press). The effects of useful field of view training on brain activity and connectivity. Journals of Gerontology, Series B: Psychological Sciences.

Ross, L. A., *Freed, S. A., **Phillips, C. B., Edwards, & Ball, K. K. (2017). The impact of three cognitive training programs on driving cessation across ten years: A randomized controlled trial. The Gerontologist, 57(5), 838-846. DOI: 10.1093/geront/gnw143

Overview: Older adults at-risk for mobility declines were 49% less likely to cease driving after reasoning training and 55% less likely to quit driving subsequent to speed of processing training. Additional booster sessions for speed of processing training resulted in a 70% reduction of driving cessation. 

Ross, L. A., Edwards, J. D., O’Connor, M. L., Ball, K. K., Wadley, V. G., & Vance, D. E. (2016). The transfer of cognitive speed of processing training to older adults’ driving mobility across five years. Journals of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, 71(1), 87-97. DOI:10.1093/geronb/gbv022. PMCID:PMC4701127.

Overview: Older adults at-risk for mobility declines who receive booster speed-of-processing training sessions maintain driving frequency and exposure across five years.

 

*Layfield S., *Burge W., Mitchell W., Ross L.A., *Denning C., Amthor F., Visscher K. (2014). The effect of speed of processing training on microsaccade amplitude. PLOS ONE, 9(9), 1-6. DOI: 10.137/journal.pone.0107808.

Overview: Speed of Processing training does not appear to result in changes in microsaccade amplitude, suggesting that the mechanism underlying Speed of Processing training is unlikely to rely on microsaccades.

 

*Burge, W., Ross, L. A., Amthor, F. R., Mitchell, W. G., Zotov, A., & Visscher, K. M. (2013). Processing speed training increases the efficiency of attentional resource allocation in young adults. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 7(684), 1-7. DOI:10.3389/fnhum.2013.00684. PMCID:PMC3799007.

Overview: Pupil diameter is a measure of cognitive effort. Younger adults who received speed of processing training used fewer cognitive resources (effort) after training.

 

Ball, K., Ross, L. A., Roth, D., & Edwards, J. (2013). Speed of Processing Training in the ACTIVE Study: Who Benefits? The Journal of Aging and Health, 25(8), 65S-84S. DOI:10.1177/0898264312470167. PMCID:PMC3947605.

Overview: Older adults who received speed of processing training significally improved on targeted cognitive measures across five years.

 

Ross, L. A., *Schmidt, E., & Ball, K. K. (2013). Interventions to Maintain Mobility: What Works. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 61, 167-196. DOI:10.1016/j.aap.2012.09.027. PMCID: PMC3633644

Overview: This is a systematic review examining the impact of cognitive training, educational interventions, exercise interventions, and mixed interventions in maintaining mobility (broadly defined). 

 

Vance, D. E., *Fazeli, P. L., Ross, L. A., Wadley, V., & Ball, K. (2012). Speed of processing training with middle-aged and older adults with HIV: A pilot study. Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care, 23(6), 500-510. DOI:10.1016/j.jana.2012.01.005. PMCID: PMC3422374

Overview: Adults with HIV who received speed of processing training improved their cognitive (via UFOV) and timed instrumental activities of daily living.

 

Ball, K., Edwards, J. D., Ross, L. A., & McGwin, J., Jr. (2010). Cognitive training decreases risk of motor vehicle crash involvement among older drivers. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 58, 2107-2113. DOI:10.1111/j.1532-5415.2010.03138.x. PMCID: PMC3057872

Overview:  Speed of processing training and reasoning training reduced at-fault state-reported crashes by approximately 50% among older drivers.

 

Edwards, J. D., Meyers, C., Ross, L. A., Roenker, D. L., Cissell, G. M., McLaughlin, A. M., & Ball, K. K. (2009). The longitudinal impact of cognitive speed of processing training on driving mobility. The Gerontologist, 49(4), 485-495. DOI:10.1093/geront/gnp042. PMCID: PMC2709540

Overview: Older adults at-risk for mobility difficulties who completed speed of processing training had maintained driving mobility and less driving difficuly across three years.

 

Ball, K., Edwards, J. D., & Ross, L. A. (2007). The impact of speed of processing training on cognitive and everyday functions. Journals of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, 62B(Special Issue I), 19-31.

Overview: This article provides an overview of Speed of Processing training and investigates associated correlates of training effects. This training improved older adult's cognition (via UFOV) regardless of age and education.

Updated 10/2018